8 Best Cities in Australia You Must Know About

Cities in Australia

Australia is the sixth-largest country in the world. But for many people, it might as well be on another planet because they don’t know much about this island nation down under.

Australia is a land of cities and beaches, deserts and vineyards, wildlife parks and cities with skyscrapers that pierce the sky. It has an incredibly diverse landscape with everything from snow-capped mountains to sandy white beaches to swamps teeming with birds. And while Australia can get blisteringly hot during summer (and frigidly cold during winter), its cities are cool oases where you can relax or enjoy outdoor activities like surfing or hiking through national parks.

Learn about the 8 best cities in Australia in this article.


Sydney is the largest city in Australia, and the capital of New South Wales. It was founded by Captain Arthur Phillip on January 26th 1788 at Sydney Cove, near Port Jackson. The population of Sydney today is about 4 million people.

Sydney has a humid subtropical climate with warm summers and cool winters. Its average annual rainfall is 1224 mm (48 inches).

The city’s best-known natural features are the Sydney Harbour Bridge, the Royal Botanic Garden, and Bondi Beach – one of Australia’s most famous beaches for surfing. Notable buildings found in the inner city include Opera House which was completed in 1973, Centrepoint Tower which stands 348 metres high, Governor Phillip Tower at 309m high making it the tallest skyscraper in Australia. The Sydney Tower Skywalk provides great views of the city.


A sunset over a body of water

Melbourne is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of Victoria, and the second-most populous city in Australia. The metropolis’ population is approximately 4.5 million as of 2016. It is located on Port Phillip Bay, with sprawling suburbs towards the east, west and north-west of its core that continue far inland to an escarpment called “the Dandenong Ranges”. Geelong, Ballarat, Bendigo and five other cities make up the rest of the Victorian cities.

Melbourne was born on the banks of the Yarra River in 1835. The city was incorporated as a British settlement named “Melbourne” by settlers from Van Diemen’s Land on 30 September 1837, after Governor Bourke approved the town plan. It was declared a city by Queen Victoria in 1847, after which it became the capital of the new colony of Victoria in 1851. During the Victorian gold rush of the 1850s, it was transformed into one of the world’s largest and wealthiest cities. After the federation of Australia in 1901, Melbourne served as interim seat of government of the new nation until Canberra became the permanent capital in 1927.

Melbourne rates highly in education, entertainment, health care, research and development, tourism and sport, making it the world’s most liveable city—for the seventh year in a row in 2016, according to The Economist Intelligence Unit. It is a leading financial centre in the Asia-Pacific region, and ranks among the top 30 cities in the world in the Global Financial Centres Index. Referred to as Australia’s “cultural capital”, it is the birthplace of Australian impressionism, Australian rules football, the Australian film and television industries, and Australian contemporary dance. It was recognised by UNESCO in 2008 as a City of Literature.


Brisbane is a large and beautiful city in Queensland, Australia. It’s the third most populous Australian city and it also has the third-longest coastline of any mainland Australian city. Brisbane is home to about 2 million people who are served by an impressive infrastructure that includes roads, bridges, railroads, airports, bus services and ferries. The Brisbane River flows through downtown with many parks along its banks.

There are many famous landmarks in Brisbane including the City Hall at King George Square which was built in 1859 but underwent renovations in 2003 for $60 million AUD; One Tree Hill where you can see views of both cities center skyline as well as Moreton Bay; Queensland Museum which houses up to two million items from across the world; Queens Park located in the beautiful city center; and of course, Suncorp Stadium where you can catch a rugby or football game. Brisbane is also known for its friendly locals who are quick to give directions to anyone in need because they take pride in their cities beauty.


Perth is the capital and most populous city of Western Australia. It is on the Swan River, at its mouth in Fremantle, south of Perth’s central business district. The city has a population of 1.4 million people (the third-most populous Australian cities). The metropolitan area extends beyond the boundaries to include parts of Pinjarra, Mandurah and Rockingham. Perth is home to 68% of Australians who live outside a major urban area – more than 490,000 outlying residents (2016 census). This makes it more closely related with some cities in New Zealand like Auckland or Christchurch than cities closer to it like Sydney or Melbourne which are about an hour away by car.

Perth was built on swampland and has a very hot climate. The days are long and it is certainly the driest state capital in Australia, making Perth ideal for those who love to be outdoors all year around. With that cities(with cities) like Fremantle with its beautiful beaches, Cottesloe Beach which is home to one of the best surf competitions in the world (The Rip Curl Pro), and Fremantle of course is a great place to visit within Perth.

In Perth, the landscape varies from freeways intersecting with cities to beautiful beaches and coves. Perth contains many different landscapes from wetlands in Jandakot to the Swan Valley which has been made into a wine region of international fame. In Kings Park, which is more than 400 hectares, there are beautiful views of the city and good hiking trails.

Western Australia has amazing cities and Perth is one of them. If you want to holiday somewhere with a hot climate and plenty of things to do Perth (do, Perth) would be very ideal for you.


Adelaide is the capital city of South Australia and is situated in the center of the Adelaide Plains, an area characterized by marshes and swamps, with a few hills. The town was founded in 1836 as a planned village by Edward Wakefield. It has since grown to be one of the cities in Australia with a population over 1 million people.

Adelaide’s economy relies heavily on exports such as wine, fruit and cereal grain (wheat) and its gross regional product (GDP) per capita is higher than that of any other Australian state or territory outside Western Australia. Moreover, it has been rated among the world’s most liveable cities for more than 20 years running due to factors like affordability and social cohesion.

Gold Coast

The Gold Coast is a coastal region in the Australian state of Queensland. It is roughly bordered by Tweed Heads to the south, Lismore to the north, Byron Bay to the northeast and Coolangatta (a suburb of South-East Queensland) to the northwest. The cities of Tweed Heads and Surfers Paradise are located on its coast, between Brisbane and Sydney respectively.

The cities of Bundaberg and Gladstone are also situated nearby. As part of an effort by Tourism Australia to promote Australia’s Pacific Rim destinations, tourism organisations have proposed renaming this area as “Queensland’s Coastal Playground” or “Australia’s Southern Gold Coast”. Alternatively it has been called “Aussie’s Riviera”.


Australia is a country in the Southern Hemisphere, comprising six states and two territories. It’s known for its vast cities, expensive deserts, and beautiful coastlines.

One of these cities is Hobart which is located on Tasmania Island. This city has a population of just over 211 thousand people but it ranks as one of the most livable cities in the world due to its low crime rate and high standard of living.

In addition to being home to some major companies such as Boral Limited and Hydro Tasmania Limited, Hobart features an incredible natural beauty with mountains that reach heights up near 1,300 meters above sea level.

The city also offers plenty of outdoor activities for tourists including hiking trails at Mount Wellington which offer gorgeous views of the city below.

The busiest period for tourism is during the summer months where visitors take advantage of the city’s beautiful beaches and nearby wilderness areas for hiking trails.


The Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is the only one of Australia’s eight states and two self-governing territories that can be classified as an inland state. The ACT is bounded by New South Wales in the east, Victoria and Tasmania in the south, and Queensland in the west. It has a population of approximately 350,000 people.

The capital city of Canberra is located within this territory – hence its name – but it also includes many cities such as Queanbeyan, Goulburn, Yass and Bungendore. Canberra was established to replace Sydney as Australia’s primary seat of government because Sydney was too prone to bushfires; ironically enough today these cities are more susceptible to bushfires than most other cities since they’re not located near the sea.

Canberra is also Australia’s highest city at 886 metres above sea level. This year, the Australian Open tennis tournament was held in this city for the first time – it will continue to be held here until 2036. Canberra has a wide range of popular tourist attractions including its national institutions such as Parliament House, the High Court and the Australian War Memorial.

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